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Poslední aktualizace: 6.12.2019 22:40

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WHO, CDC Say Measles Cases Spiked Globally Last Year

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Watch Video Health agencies estimate that 140,000 people across the world died from measles last year. That's about 16,000 more deaths than the previous year.The World Health Organization, in partnership with the U.S. Centers for Diseases Control and Prevention, released  that number in a report  Thursday. Most of those deaths were children under 5 years old.The director-general of the World Health Organization said, "The fact that any child dies from a vaccine-preventable disease like measles is frankly an outrage and a collective failure to protect the world’s most vulnerable children."The report says half of all measles cases last year came from just five countries: The Democratic Republic of Congo, Liberia, Madagascar, Somalia and Ukraine.But it's not just poorer countries dealing with major measles outbreaks. This year, the U.S. reported its  greatest number  of cases since 1992.The U.S. was dangerously close to losing its measles elimination status. And as WHO and CDC point out, Albania, Czechia, Greece and the U.K. lost theirs in 2018 following protracted outbreaks of the virus.The report also warns about the recent discovery of what's being called  "immune amnesia"  in unvaccinated children. Scientists found that children who came down with measles and recovered lost anywhere from 11% to 73% of the antibodies needed to fight other infections like the common cold or the flu. It could take months or years for those antibodies to return.Measles is preventable with the use of a safe and effective vaccine that's been around for 50 years. Yet the report says that out of the 86% of children who receive the first dose of the vaccine, fewer than 70% received the second dose.WHO and CDC are urging every country to invest in "high quality national immunization programs and disease surveillance" to help combat measles globally.Additional reporting from  Newsy affiliate CNN . Číst dále >>> Přeložit do en

What The Fact: The State Of The Affordable Care Act

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Watch Video Each week we partner with our friends at PolitiFact to sort fact from fiction on the week's biggest political stories. This week, we're evaluating a statement from Former Vice President Joe Biden. Do people actually like their current health care coverage? Číst dále >>> Přeložit do en

Russian Cargo Ship Launches For International Space Station

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Watch Video A Russian cargo ship  blasted off  for the International Space Station Friday.The ship is carrying 2.7 metric tons of food, fuel and supplies to the six astronauts aboard the space station. The unmanned ship is expected to reach the station Monday.Less than a day before the Russian ship took off, a SpaceX cargo ship  launched from Cape Canaveral . It's bringing the astronauts another shipment of supplies and is expected to arrive Sunday. Číst dále >>> Přeložit do en

Tufts University Cuts Ties With Family Behind Purdue Pharma

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Watch Video Tufts University announced Thursday it's immediately  removing the Sackler family name  from programs and buildings on campus because of the family's role in the opioid epidemic. It says it will no longer accept donations from the Sacklers.The family owns Purdue Pharma. The company is facing more than 2,600 lawsuits, many from local and state governments. It's accused of sparking the opioid epidemic by deceptively marketing Oxycontin and downplaying its addictiveness.The school had been under pressure for its connection to the family. Over the past four decades, the Sacklers have given the school around $15 million. University leaders say they considered ending the relationship for over a year before deciding to cut ties. In its announcement Thursday, Tufts  released an independent fact-finding report  that found no wrongdoing by the school in its past relationship with the pharmaceutical company. The school also said it'll also establish a $3 million endowment to support education, research and programs aimed at preventing and treating substance abuse and addiction.While Tufts is the first university to step away from the Sackler family, several museums in the U.K. and U.S. have also distanced themselves from accepting further donations. Earlier this year, the Metropolitan Museum of Art  cut off its 50-year relationship  with the family. Číst dále >>> Přeložit do en

COP25 Talks Climate Solutions, Even As The US Leaves Paris Agreement

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Watch Video At the U.N.'s COP25 climate conference, nations hope to finalize rules to reduce global carbon emissions — right as the U.S. backs away from the Paris agreement. But experts think the U.S. leaving the pact won't do too much to slow down the latest global climate action.The U.S. is the world's  second-heaviest single polluter . If it leaves the Paris agreement in 2020, it could get harder for the world to regulate about 14% of global emissions. Experts like Andrew Light, a distinguished senior fellow at the World Resources Institute, say this is already weighing on decision-making in places like China."It was absolutely clear that the Chinese are feeling international pressure right now on reviewing their own current NDC, or their commitment under the Paris agreements," Light told Newsy. "They are the largest emitter in the world. And everyone kind of knows that the second largest emitter in the world, the United States, is now sitting it out."This won't do much to disrupt COP25, which is more about finalizing rules and setting timelines for future action. Light says countries interested in announcing new or bigger commitments may do so sometime in 2020.And Light says even if the executive branch wants out of the Paris agreement, there are governments at other levels in the U.S. who would rather keep their emissions in line with the original plan."We have an amazing, self-organized backstop that emerged in this country, essentially as soon as the president announced his intention to withdraw in June 2017," Light told Newsy. "It's basically states, cities, businesses, universities, others who have made real targets that can be tracked, that are not just rhetorical.  … Consistent with the U.S.' original commitment under the Paris agreement of a reduction of 26-28%."Still, the stakes are higher than ever. Experts say COP25 needs to be  a launching point  for more ambitious reductions in 2020, especially as the U.N. sounds  urgent calls  for countries to address emissions. "Now is the time we need them to really enhance and dig deeper and try to do more. And I think the opportunity set is fantastic for them if they choose to do so," Light said. Číst dále >>> Přeložit do en

Vaccine Alliance To Fund Global Stockpile Of Ebola Vaccines

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Watch Video Vaccine alliance Gavi  announced Thursday  it'll fund a global stockpile of 500,000 Ebola vaccines.It's estimated to be a $178 million investment. The stockpile will be available to poor and middle-income countries for free, and those countries would also receive funding for vaccine campaigns. Wealthier countries will have access but would have to pay for the vaccines they use.Gavi is a public-private partnership that includes the WHO, UNICEF, the World Bank, and others. The WHO prequalified the vaccine last month, which means the vaccine  meets the health organization's standards  for quality and safety. The approval will speed up licensing, access and rollout of the vaccine to countries most at risk for Ebola outbreaks.The new drug is manufactured by U.S. pharmaceutical company Merck. The company  received approval  from the European Commission to market the vaccine in November.The current outbreak in Congo has been going on since at least August. It's caused more than 2,200 deaths and is the second deadliest Ebola outbreak ever. Číst dále >>> Přeložit do en

Over 100 Cases Reported In E. Coli Outbreak Linked To Romaine Lettuce

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Watch Video The CDC says the number of reported cases in an ongoing  E. coli outbreak  has climbed above 100.Health officials say the infections are linked to romaine lettuce harvested from Salinas, California, and have been reported in at least 23 states.Consumers are being advised not to eat romaine lettuce from the Salinas area, and the FDA has requested producers to take the lettuce  off the market  for the remainder of the growing season.Hospitalizations linked to the outbreak are being reported, with some developing kidney failure.Investigators are working to locate the exact source of the outbreak. Číst dále >>> Přeložit do en

Scientists Say Global Carbon Emissions Hit Record High This Year

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Watch Video Researchers say global carbon emissions from fossil fuels hit a record high in 2019. This marks the third consecutive year with rising carbon dioxide emissions.  The Global Carbon Project  published the new emissions projections in three scientific journals. It's up 0.6% from last year, and last year saw a 2.1% increase from 2017. Global emissions from coal declined in 2019. Coal use in the U.S. and Europe has decreased. But despite that, scientists say coal still made up 40% of global carbon dioxide emissions this year.The U.S. and European Union released less carbon dioxide in 2019 than last year, while fossil fuel emissions increased in China and India. There is some good news. The emissions growth is slower than the last two years.  But Rob Jackson, a Stanford University scientist who led the research and the director of the Global Carbon Project, said slower growth isn't good enough. Jackson also said there's a rise in natural gas and oil use. He  told The Los Angeles Times : "Until we can halt the steady rise in oil and natural gas, I can't see declining coal emissions being enough to counterbalance that growth."  Číst dále >>> Přeložit do en

Could Artificial Intelligence Help Patients With Schizophrenia?

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Watch Video University of Colorado researchers have built an app that uses artificial intelligence to measure thinking and speech patterns in patients with schizophrenia. The app presents a ten-minute test that gathers hundreds of data points each time a patient takes it. "We can look at how you're saying it. What you're saying, what words you choose, how strong your emotions are when you say it," Peter Foltz, Research Professor at the Institute of Cognitive Science at University of Colorado, told Newsy.SEE MORE: You Can Learn Specialized First Aid To Better Address Mental Health "So like a clinician, seeing a human probably isn't looking to detect these very fine grained, like they're not sitting there counting how many words they spoke or they're not like in their brain. It's the granularity that the computer is able to pick up on that is really impressive," said Chelsea Chandler, a Computer Science PHD Student at the Institute of Cognitive Science at the University of Colorado.Chandler, who analyzes the data from the app, thinks tools like this could help college students her age.  According to the  National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI), one in four students have a diagnosable mental illness and 40 percent don’t seek help on campus."It's a big problem that the whole United States is dealing with is a huge number of people dealing with mental illness and getting coverage is not great. Going in to see doctors is not always the easiest thing," Chandler said.The proof-of-concept app is part of a fast-growing field of new research that applies machine learning to mental health treatment. But supporting mental health with AI hasn't been regulated yet and begs several questions from critics. Peter Foltz  recently published a paper  calling for more policy and oversight of apps like his. Clinicians have a lot of questions, too — especially when it comes to the difference between a machine learning app and the face-to-face interaction between a doctor and a patient. "The difficulty with folks with schizophrenia is that there's usually major disturbances. There's deficiencies in other life functions," Dr. Joseph Sochet, Outpatient Chief Resident at HealthONE Psychiatry Residency at  HealthONE Behavioral Health and Wellness Center  told Newsy. "So things like self-care, ability to maintain work, housing, those kinds of things are more difficult. Would a person who is unable to remember to brush their teeth every day or comb their hair or make themselves breakfast, are they necessarily going to be able to use an app?"Still, Dr. Sochet thinks AI tools like this one could help with some of the intricacies that come with schizophrenia cases, like signaling that a medication is becoming less effective.  He adds that schizophrenia is rare. The National Institutes of Health say  less than one percent  of Americans have the mental illness.SEE MORE: The Difference Between Holiday Blues And True Anxiety Or Depression Číst dále >>> Přeložit do en

USDA Tightens Food Stamp Benefit Requirements

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Watch Video Work requirements for those seeking food stamp benefits are tightening following the finalizing of a new regulation by the U.S. Department of Agriculture Wednesday.The regulation makes it harder for states to apply for waivers to the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program’s work requirements when it comes to able-bodied adults with no dependents.Secretary of Agriculture, Sonny Perdue, says the regulation is aimed at "restoring the system to what Congress intended," and moving more people "from welfare to work."The regulation is estimated to impact over 680,000 people once implemented in April. According to USDA, over the course of 5 years, this regulation is anticipated to generate $5.5 billion in savings.As of August,  36.4 million  individuals receive food stamps in the U.S. Číst dále >>> Přeložit do en

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