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Věda a technika - Hlavní události ve vědě - - 10. května 2019

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Deplatforming Helps Social Media Catch Up To Hate Speech


Watch Video The Poway and Christchurch shootings had something in common: both shooters spent notable time on  the same message board  where they each shared manifestos prior to the attacks. These shootings led to more calls for regulation of hate speech in online spaces. However, there's still an open question: can patrolling hate speech be made more than just a game of whack-a-mole?We've seen that deplatforming  can control hate speech . At its most basic, deplatforming censors or outright removes people from online spaces where they spread hate speech or misinformation. When it works, deplatforming can drive so much traffic away from these spots that they become empty, and lead to lost revenue for organizers.When Alex Jones and Infowars were banned from Facebook and YouTube, video views and traffic to the Infowars website  fell by half . Far-right activist Milo Yiannopoulos claims he's been banned from so many platforms that it's contributed to his  millions of dollars of debt . Deplatforming even works for large communities: Researchers at Georgia Tech found when Reddit closed notorious hate-speech subreddits, the users there posted  80 percent less hate speech  elsewhere on the site.One reason hate speech became such a problem is because it had time to catch on. According to  Jessica J. González , Vice President of Strategy and Senior Counsel at Free Press, the largest social media companies failed to use proper enforcement on hate speech in the early stages of their companies."A lot of the companies have decent anti-hate policies, and what’s really lacking is the enforcement," González said. "I feel like enforcement is being tacked on at the end and not being thought through as thoroughly as it needs to be. Twitter at its infancy did not want to have any policy on hate. It has one now, it’s not doing a great job of enforcing it, but it has something."González is working with the Southern Poverty Law Center and several other organizations to change this. They've created ' Change the Terms ' — a set of corporate policies to help internet companies stop hate online. She says one way that deplatforming can be improved is by providing the public with an "open book" about what companies take down, and why."People of color protesting racism are often taken down — while white supremacists engaging in racism are not. And we need some transparency so we can hold these corporations accountable on things like that. We need data so that it’s not just left to the companies or a few public watchdogs to decide."Next up could be to take deplatforming a step further: to the registrars, network providers and payment processors that help keep websites running. Look at the  case of Gab , which pitches itself as mostly censor-free Twitter alternative. After the Pittsburgh synagogue shooting,  Gab's web host  took down the site when it learned that the shooter was an active Gab user. The site stayed down until it found new providers who agreed to host its content. Číst dále >>> Přeložit do en

180 nations agree UN deal to regulate export of plastic waste


media thumbnail Around 180 governments on Friday agreed on a new UN accord to regulate the export of plastic waste, some eight million tonnes of which ends up in the oceans each year, organisers said. Číst dále >>> Přeložit do en

Uber shifts into reverse in disappointing Wall Street debut


media thumbnail Uber shares skidded Friday in a disappointing Wall Street debut following a massive public offering from the global ride-hailing giant. Číst dále >>> Přeložit do en

New study highlights fundamental challenges of living with wildfire


Wildfires can have dramatic impacts on Western landscapes and communities, but human values determine whether the changes caused by fire are desired or dreaded. This is the simple—but often overlooked—message from a collaborative team of 23 researchers led by University of Montana faculty in a study published in the May issue of the journal BioScience. Číst dále >>> Přeložit do en

A case of the chimp sniffles or major outbreak? Syndromic surveillance may hold the key


media thumbnail Two sniffling chimps could be one too many for a wild chimpanzee community susceptible to respiratory disease outbreaks, report Morris Animal Foundation-funded researchers at the University of Minnesota. The team's findings were a result of their development of a syndromic surveillance system to noninvasively and preemptively detect a potential outbreak of respiratory disease. The study recently was published in EcoHealth. Číst dále >>> Přeložit do en

Receiving weekend food improves school attendance among children living with hunger


media thumbnail Children living in food-insecure households are more likely to attend school on Fridays if they're participating in a food-distribution program that provides them with backpacks of meals for the weekend, researchers at the University of Illinois found in a new study. Číst dále >>> Přeložit do en

Ve Spojených státech může vzniknout nová burza, zaměří se na start-upy


Americké regulační orgány dnes schválily záměr vytvořit novou burzu cenných papírů. Zprovoznit ji hodlá společnost Long-Term Stock Exchange (LTSE), která má podporu vlivných lidí ze Silicon Valley. Burza, která bude podle listu The Wall Street Journal (WSJ) 14. v USA, se zaměří na start-upy z technologického sektoru. Číst dále >>>

Lab builds autopilot software allowing UAVs to soar on thermals


media thumbnail A Navy scientist has re-engineered the software that allows long-endurance drones to powerlessly climb into the sky on bubbles of warm air. Číst dále >>> Přeložit do en

AOC’s Insistence Americans Care About Climate Change Heavily Distorts The Polling


Last month’s Gallup poll found climate change was the ninth most important issue, coming in at a mere 3 percent. That result also combines climate change with the environment and pollution. Číst dále >>> Přeložit do en

Strana: 1/ 27 Celkem nalezeno 264 záznamů.

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